As a public reception and workshop function, the Folding Roof Courtyard is a renovation project in the mountain village, the design redefines the architectural form through a continuous folding roof, which is also an imitation of the mountain profile. An abstract and attractive interior space created by the slope roofs and large windows behind. A series of window types and the traditional materials give this building a tough and rugged character in the mountain village.
▼院子、村庄和远山，Courtyards, villages and distant hills © UK Studio
The project is located in Xishaoqu Village, Miyun District, Beijing. In this large village which is surrounded by mountains on three sides, most of the existing houses are traditional northern farmhouses. The owner of the project hopes to cooperate with the village to revitalize the vacant courtyards as a leisure place and weekend homestay, with the operation services provided by the villagers. Folding Roof Courtyard is one of these courtyards, which is planned as a public function, such as reception and workshop, due to its good site conditions.
▼村里的新朋友，New friends in the village © UK Studio
▼施工过程中的建筑和环境，Building and environment during construction © MAT
The courtyard had been rebuilt before, and at the time we got the design commission, the main concrete frame structure and part of the roof had been completed. The building covers an area of about 180 square meters and consists of a main house and a wing house, the two houses are the same height of the double-pitched roof with an axis of east-west, but the depth of the wing is larger than the main house, and express an inappropriate proportion.
▼山村里的房子，House in a mountain village © UK Studio
▼南立面，South facade © MAT
▼改造前后对比，Comparison before and after renovation © MAT
Based on the original concrete structure, we redefined the primary and secondary order and architectural form of the building through this continuously folded roof: the main house was partially raised, while the roof of the wing house was changed from two to four. The continuous roof brings north-south high windows to the interior space. View from the outside village, the high windows on the south side define the properties of the building’s public service function and can be well identified at night; From the interior of the building, two high windows on the north and south sides bring high ceilings and bright light to the workshop space in the wing.
▼从村庄主路上看主入口，Viewing the main entrance from the main village road © MAT
▼院子里，In the yard © UK Studio
The design uses schist as the building exterior wall as well as landscape material of the Folding Roof Courtyard, combined with the rough stone wall of earthen masonry, so that the building and environment are integrated, in order to continue the original rugged and powerful architectural character of the mountainous countryside in northern China. The entrance to the courtyard is an enlarged canopy, which is poured in one go with concrete from small pieces of wood formwork, which adds a sense of brutality and echoes the gray-white fence commonly used in the village.
▼折山和石墙，Folding roofs and stone walls © UK Studio
▼主入口近景，Closer view of the main entrance © UK Studio
▼入口雨棚，Entrance canopy © UK Studio
▼连续屋顶，Continuous roof © MAT
The new roof was designed with steel beams on the original concrete frame and with wooden purlins and lookout panels above. The mix of structures and traditional roof practices that were easy to understand in construction and familiar to the village’s craftsmen. The single slope and reverse slope space generated by the continuous folding roof bring different internal space experiences to the building, and the beams and columns of the original structure form a rational structural logic together with the slope roofs above it; The sloped roof forms a pitched house type from the exterior, but is reversed internally into an inverted reverse slope space. In addition, this sort of line + surface combinations also strengthen the architectural abstraction of the space because of its contingency, absence of presuppositions and asymmetric characteristics.
▼工坊空间，Workshop space © UK Studio
▼架构之下，Under the framework © UK Studio
▼反坡下的空间，Space under the slope © UK Studio
▼窗的体系，Window typology © MAT
Compared with other residential courtyards, the Folding Roof Courtyard is mainly used as a public activity, so the use of windows is greatly increased in the design to enhance the interaction and space penetration inside and outside of the building. We designed four types of windows in the building: large high windows under the slope roof of the north and south facades, floor-to-ceiling windows facing the yard, long windows with views and ventilation, and small square windows with high lighting. This multi-style, multi-directional window opening method allows all parts of the building could enjoy the woods up close and the mountains far away.
▼折顶下的空间，Space under the folding roofs © UK Studio
▼内外空间通透，transparency between interior and exterior © UK Studio
▼围绕天井的走廊，The corridor around the patio © UK Studio
▼休闲空间与茶室，Leisure area and tea room © UK Studio
▼坡顶下的工坊，The workshop under the slope © UK Studio
▼茶室细部，Details of the tea room © UK Studio
When designing for rural environments outside the city, we want to be able to complete a process of transformation –contemporary architectural vocabulary and construction systems, in combining with traditional materials, in order to balance the consumer demand, the rural environment and architectural form. At the same time, the project adjusted the architectural form by placing a continuous folding roof, transforming the original two separate houses in the courtyard into an interconnected group of buildings, resulting in a dry, powerful group form with the characteristics of northern mountain villages; And according to this set of spatial operations, a system of a series of windows for lighting and viewing in the building is established, as well as a special spatial experience under the roof with group of reversed slopes.
▼黄昏的村庄，Dusk view of the village © UK Studio
▼清晨的入口与夜晚的灯光，Entrance in the morning and the night light © UK Studio
▼晚间的院子，The courtyard at night © UK Studio
▼屋顶施工过程，Construction process of the roof © MAT
▼区位图，Location © MAT
▼屋顶平面图，Roof plan © MAT
▼平面图，Floor plan © MAT
▼南立面图，South elevation © MAT
▼剖透视图，Perspective sections © MAT
▼墙身细部，Construction details © MAT