A ruined basalt barn has been creatively repurposed as a dining hall and restaurant by London-based fardaa, providing a valued community resource for a coastal community. Croft 3 marks the first completed project by fardaa and embodies the studio’s approach to place, economy of means, and social and environmental responsibility.
▼项目外观概览，overall of the project © David Barbour
Croft 3坐落于马尔岛（Isle of Mull）的海岸边，俯瞰着图斯湖（Loch Tuath）以及附近的Ulva岛。这些偏远的苏格兰岛屿以旅游业以及一家名为“Crofting”的小规模农场与当地社区紧密联系在一起。业主Jeanette Cutlack于2019年在该岛南部购买了一座废弃的Croft谷仓，以扩展她经营的当地家庭厨房式餐厅的规模。这家餐厅所烹制的所有肉类和鱼类制品都来自岛上，并是岛上唯一一家提供羊杂的餐厅。Jeanette计划重新利用这座废弃的croft谷仓，将这里改造为为当地提供新鲜肉类与蔬菜料理的餐厅。
Croft 3 is located on a coastal site on the Isle of Mull, overlooking nearby island, Ulva across Loch Tuath bay. The remote Scottish isles are characterised by close-knit communities supported by tourism and small-scale farming known as Crofting. Client Jeanette Cutlack purchased a disused Croft on the island’s South in 2019 to expand her busy local restaurant, which previously operated out of a home kitchen. The restaurant sources all meat and fish from the island, and makes the island’s only commercially available haggis. Jeanette has plans to bring the croft back into use to directly supply the restaurant with meat and vegetables.
▼由建筑看海湾，viewing the sea from Croft 3 © David Barbour
▼侧立面远观，viewing the profile at distance © David Barbour
Set low into the sloping plot, the development sees the adaptive reuse of a dilapidated stone barn into a dining hall, connected to a new timber-clad extension housing foyer, chef’s kitchen and visitor facilities. Croft 3 is defined by two offset pitched volumes that echo the twin hillscape of Ulva across the bay, designed so neither is subservient to the other. The contrasting gables – one of stone, one of timber – take their cues from the local vernacular and offer a strong profile regardless of the direction of approach.
▼谷仓山墙，gable of the barn © David Barbour
▼扩建部分山墙细部，details of the gable © David Barbour
▼立面细部，details of the facade © David Barbour
Visitors approach the restaurant from the road above and behind, the long black roofs of the building appearing lower than the sea and Ulva beyond. Descending to the entrance, the landscape becomes hidden from view as the building is accessed via a low, intimate foyer. From there one turns into a tall, light hallway, before turning again, through a deep compressed doorway and into a grand dining-room with spectacular views of the sea, bay and islands beyond. This sequence of approach and entry is designed to heighten the sense of space and connection to the landscape beyond by first disassociating visitors with the scale and grandeur of the setting.
▼入口玄关，entrance © David Barbour
▼通往餐厅的走廊，doorway to the dining hall © David Barbour
▼通道细部，details of the door way © David Barbour
The existing structure has been restored using lime mortar and salvaged basalt from the original stone structure. Overhead, an exposed timber ceiling of pine rafters and plywood adds a gentle warmth to the tall, open space. Heavily insulated to reduce heat loss, the thick building envelope is punctuated by existing and new openings. Windows and doors are set deep in the wall for the original apertures, preserving the appearance of punched openings, whilst new windows are flush with the external face to trace the form of the original building.
▼大餐厅概览，interior of the dining hall © David Barbour
American White Ash timber floors complement soft salmon tones of raw plaster walls © David Barbour
Croft 3’s interiors are defined by simple, raw materials. In the dining hall, American White Ash timber floors complement soft salmon tones of raw plaster walls, a low cost textural dining backdrop that catches light and changes throughout the day. Tall, white painted skirting and door surrounds contrast with these more varied tones and provide robust surfaces in high traffic areas. The dining room is furnished with reclaimed french cafe chairs and brewers’ benches and long, communal dining tables made on the island from a single douglas fir.
▼由室内看Ulva岛海湾，viewing the Ulva Island Bay from interior © David Barbour
▼餐厅细部，details of the dining hall © David Barbour
▼新增窗口，new opening adding to the original wall © David Barbour
Two solid stone pylons at the south west and north east corners of the timber-clad extension act as anchors for the new kitchen and entrance, strengthening a datum relating to the existing stone doorway and further extending to new windows, doors and eaves. fardaa designed Croft 3 to enhance the grand setting, taking cues from the close-coupled massing of traditional island farmsteads, whilst opening up the interior to spectacular distant views. The dining hall was completed in October 2022, and highlights the new studio’s capability to design contextual, sustainable architecture that values and enhances community and culture.
▼入口外观，exterior view of the entrance © David Barbour
Edward Farleigh-Dastmalchi, Founding Director of fardaa says; ‘As a London-based practice, we relished the opportunity to broaden our reach and contribute a new cultural connector that serves locals and visitors, with an added benefit of generating revenue on the remote island. Working in a rugged coastal setting such as the Isle of Mull was an opportunity to put our passion for crafting community spaces into action in a new and beautiful context.’
▼室内光影，light and shadow © David Barbour
Croft 3的所有者和经营者Jeanette Cutlack说：“我的梦想就是将croft重新投入使用，十年来，每当我走过这座谷仓时，都会想象山坡上的羊群和谷仓旁边生长的农作物。现在这个梦想已经成为现实，我可以在最华丽的空间里工作。Edward和我从十几岁起就是朋友了。我买下这座谷仓后，从没想过邀请别人来当建筑师。这是一个特殊的项目，我的父母在项目建造的过程中去世了，如果没有他们，我的梦想是不可能实现的。Croft 3社区餐厅促进了人们之间的联系，增强了人们的社区意识，这一点让我无比自豪。”
Jeanette Cutlack, Owner & operator of Croft 3 says; ‘Bringing the croft back into use is a dream come true. For ten years, I would walk past the barn and imagine sheep on the hillside and food growing next to the barn. Now that dream has become a reality and I get to work in the most gorgeous space. Ed and I have been friends since our teens. Once I bought the barn, it never occurred to me to ask anyone else to be the architect. This is a special project that would not have been possible without my parents who passed during the build. I am very proud to see Croft 3 reflect the sense of connectedness and community that allowed it to come to fruition.”
▼夜景，night view © David Barbour
▼区位图，location © fardaa
▼总平面图，master plan © fardaa
▼平面图，plan © fardaa
▼立面图，elevations © fardaa
▼山墙立面，profiles © fardaa